by Witold Gombrowicz
translation Vera Verdiani
set designer Marco Rossi
lighting designer Pamela Cantatore
directed by Luca Ronconi
with Riccardo Bini, Paolo Pierobon
and with Ivan Alovisio, Loris Fabiani, Davide Fumagalli, Lucia Marinsalta,
Michele Nani, Franca Penone, Valentina Picello, Francesco Rossini
photo by Luigi Laselva
stage manager Angelo Ferro
first property man Mario Gaiaschi
property mistress Valentina Lepore
first stagehand Matteo Benini
stagehands Luigi Baggini, Marco Premoli, Alessio Rongione
electrician Matteo Testa
phonic Luca Mazzucco
seamstress Marisa Cosenza
make up Nicole Tomaini
production coordinators Claudia Di Giacomo, Maria Zinno
fot the Piccolo Teatro of Milan Production and Organization Office Eugenia Torresani
a project curated by Roberta Carlotto
a co-production Centro Teatrale Santacristina, Piccolo Teatro di Milano - Teatro d’Europa
in collaboration with Spoleto56 Festival of 2Worlds
a special thanks goes to Comune di Bevagna, Teatro Stabile dell’Umbria and Associazione Teatro Francesco Torti
Luca Ronconi is back in Spoleto for the fifth time. An intensive
collaboration, strongly desired by the artistic director Giorgio
Ferrara, who sees the constant presence at the Festival of the great
director, with his extraordinary creative force, as an essential
contribution in order to restore the highest value to this event.
the beginning of the collaboration between the Santacristina Theater
Center and the Festival of Two Worlds in Spoleto, within the festival
Ronconi presented, in 2008 a series of open lectures on Ibsen, in 2009 a
study on the Seagull by Chekhov entitled Another seagull, in 2011 he
staged The Modesty by Spregelburd and in 2012 In Search of an Author.
Study on "Six Characters" by Luigi Pirandello, a show that was created
from a three-year project with the National Academy of Dramatic Arts
"Silvio d´Amico" and that, after the successful debut in Spoleto,
arrived at the Piccolo Teatro Studio of Milan in October 2012.
line with the bond between training and production of shows, that has
always characterized the Santacristina Theater Center, this year Ronconi
brings Pornography on stage, the text that was the study topic during
the workshop in August-September 2012, which led to a theatrical
abridgement of the novel divided into ten scenes. The show is produced
by the Santacristina Theater Center in co-production with the Piccolo
Teatro of Milan.
The two protagonists are brought on stage by
Riccardo Bini and Paolo Pierobon, two well-known actors who have shared
the success of many Ronconi shows, accompanied by a group of actors
like Ivan Alovisio, Loris Fabiani, Lucia Marinsalta, Michele Nani,
Franca Penone, Valentina Picello and Francesco Rossini, some already
engaged in the Santacristina 2012 workshop.
Pornography by Witold Gombrowicz, Luca Ronconi once again faces the
scenic creation of a non-theatrical work. The Maestro is always true to
the word, the author´s text: it is not, in fact, a script of the text,
but a transposition, an analytical reading of the novel across the tools
that are part of the theater, starting from the actors .
the director’s mind the key theme of the novel is what Gombrowicz
himself had explained: "two middle-aged gentlemen are fascinated by the
encounter with a boy and a girl and are surprised by the relative
indifference of the two, while they imagine the infinite erotic
potential of this couple." At first glance you might only think about a
relationship between young and old, but the relationship that develops
between these people, on the one hand Witold and Federico and on the
other, the young Carlo and Enrichetta, is much more subtle and deeper,
and absolutely not generational. Actually, the two main characters enact
a real assault on the others’ youth, which is entirely different. We
witness the attempt to transform, or even destroy, the youth of others.
is a particular novel in which the author mentions himself various
times "I", "Witold", "I the writer." In this way he is the protagonist
and, at the same time, he hides within the other character, Federico,
who accompanies him and drives him to continuous, perverse adventures.
In fact, the word "pornography" is not referred to the actions, but to
Witold’s thoughts that need to be represented by the character of
Federico. For Ronconi "true pornographic Voyeurism is towards oneself,
the look that each of us does not dare turn towards oneself, towards
one’s own negative side and reflects it upon others."
Witold Gombrowicz, who was born in Maloszyce in 1904 and died in Vence in 1969, is considered the greatest Polish writer of the twentieth century. He lived in Warsaw until the outbreak of war, then in Buenos Aires. Back in Europe, he was first in Berlin and then in France. In Italy, his works were published by Feltrinelli curated by Francesco Cataluccio along with novels such as Cosmo and Diary, Gombrowicz is known for his plays that had been staged in Italy in the sixties likeOperetta and Iwona, Princess of Burgundy.
Born on 8 March 1933 in Sousse (Tunisia), he graduates from the Accademia d’Arte Drammatica of Rome in 1953 and makes his début as an actor in Tre quarti di luna under the direction of Luigi Squarzina. Actor in Orazio Costa, Giorgio De Lullo and Michelangelo Antonioni’s performances, in 1963 he starts working as a director with the Corrado Pani and Gianmaria Volontè company.
It is the extraordinary and highly successful staging of Ariosto’s Orlando Furioso in 1969, with the reduction elaborated by Edoardo Sanguineti, to bring him to International success.
Over the years he has worked with several theater institutions: 1975 to 1977 he is director of the Theater Section at the Venice Biennale, and between 1977 and 1979 he founds and directs the Laboratorio di progettazione teatrale of Prato, where he stages Baccanti di Euripide and La torre di von Hofmannsthal.
In the eighties, the fundamental stages of Ronconi’s work, regarded as unquestionable leader in the history of postwar Italian theater, are Ignorabimus by Holz (1986), Dialoghi delle carmelitane by Bernanos (1988) and Tre sorelle by Chekhov (1989).
From 1989 to 1994 he is director of the Teatro Stabile of Turin for which, in 1992, he founds and directs the School for Actors and stages, among others, the play Gli ultimi giorni dell’umanità by Karl Kraus (1990), with the participation of over sixty actors in the engine room of the Lingotto in Turin, the absolute event of that theatrical season.
In 1994 he is appointed director of the Teatro di Roma, where he stages performances such as Re Lear by Shakespeare and Verse "Peer Gynt" by Ibsen (1995), Quer pasticciaccio brutto de via Merulana by Gadda (1996) and I fratelli Karamazov by Dostoevsky (1998).
From 1999 to 2010 he takes up the proxies for the artistic direction of the Piccolo Teatro of Milan, where he carries out many important works, such as, among others, La vita è sogno by Calderón de la Barca, Il sogno by Strindberg (2000), Lolita by Nabokov, I due gemelli veneziani by Goldoni, Candelaio by Bruno (2001), Quel che sapeva Maisie by James, and Infinities by the mathematician Barrow (2002), to the more recent Il sogno di una notte di mezza estate (2008) and Il mercante di Venezia (2009) by Shakespeare, Giusto la fine del mondo by Lagarce (2009), La compagnia degli uomini by Bond (2011) and Santa Giovanna dei Macelli by Brecht (2012) and Il panico (2013)by Spregelburd. Brecht (2012). He still runs the School for Actors of Milan.
In 2002 he founds, with Roberta Carlotto, the Centro Teatrale Santacristina, production and training unit which he directs in the countryside structure created between Gubbio and Perugia. With the Centro Teatrale Santacristina he produces shows such as Amore nello specchio (2002) with Mariangela Melato in Ferrara, Peccato che fosse puttana by Ford (2003), staged for the first time at the Teatro Farnese of Parma, the project Odissea doppio ritorno diptych which includes L’antro delle ninfe by Homer and Porfirio e Itaca by Botho Strauss (2007), which debuts in Ferrara, Nel bosco degli spiriti (2008), a fable by the Nigerian writer Amos Tutola translated into theatrical text by Cesare Mazzonis and live music by Ludovico Einaudi, commissioned by the Teatro Cuccinelli of Solomeo for its inauguration.
In 2006 he is invited to direct five performances in Turin, which constitute the "Progetto Domani", held on the occasion of the Winter Olympics: Troilo e Cressida by Shakespeare, Atti di guerra: una trilogia by Edward Bond, Biblioetica, Dizionario per l’uso by Corbellini, Donghi and Massarenti, (codirected with Claudio Longhi), Il silenzio dei comunisti by Foa, Mafai and Reichlin, Lo specchio del diavolo by Ruffolo.
With the beginning of the collaboration between the Centro Teatrale Santacristina and the Festival dei Due Mondi of Spoleto, Ronconi presents as part of the Festival, in 2008 a series of open lectures on Ibsen, in 2009 a study on Gabbiano by Chekhov with the title Un altro gabbiano, in 2011 he stages La modestia by Spregelburd and in 2012 In cerca d’autore, study on "Sei personaggi" by Luigi Pirandello, a show that was created from a three-year project with the National Academy of Dramatic Arts "Silvio d’Amico" and that after the successful début in Spoleto, arrived at the Piccolo Teatro Studio of Milan in October 2012.
As an opera director, besides the Italian opera "classics"(Verdi, Bellini, Puccini, and especially Rossini) and European (Bizet and Wagner), Ronconi adds an interesting study on the uncommon areas of musical theater, like the great age of Italian Baroque (Rossi and Monteverdi) or contemporary opera productions, including Il caso Makropulos by Janácek and Il giro di vite by Britten.
He also directs the television versions of some of his most important shows and he is exhibition curator, the last of which, among many others, La bella Italia. Arte e identità delle città capitali in the Juvarriane stable areas of the Venaria Reale in Turin for the 150th anniversary of the Unification of Italy.
Many shows have won prestigious prizes and acknowledgements, such as the VI Premio Europa per il Teatro di Taormina Arte (April 1998); the UBU Prize as the best show of their theatrical season for "Progetto sogno" in 2000, Lolita in 2001, Infinities in 2002, Professor Bernhardi in 2005, "Progetto Domani" in 2006 and, more recently, the National Critics Prize for "Progetto Lagarce" and the ETI Prize as best show for Sogno di una notte di mezza estate.
In 2008. he was awarded by the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei with the Prize "Antonio Feltrinelli" for Theater Direction and has received honorary degrees from the Universities of Bologna (1999), Perugia (2003), Urbino (2006) and Venice (2012). At the Venice Biennale Teatro, in August 2012 he withdrew the Leone d’Oro alla Carriera, and in March 2013, on the occasion of his eightieth birthday, he was conferred with the Sigillo della Città by the Mayor of Milan.
Born in Florence, he graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts.
1978 he participates in the Laboratory of Theatre Design in Prato and
in the show La Torre di Hofmannsthal, directed by Ronconi. Between 1978
and 1984 he attends the first year of the Academy of Dramatic Arts
"Silvio d’Amico" in Rome and the Actor’s Workshop directed by Vittorio
Gassman, works with Ugo Chiti, Elio De Capitani, Giancarlo Cobelli,
Mario Martone and Piero Maccarinelli. Since 1985 he has collaborated
with Ronconi participating in many of his shows, including La Serva
Amorosa by Goldoni, Ignorabimus by Arno Holz (1986), Strange Interlude
by O’Neill, The Hard Man by Hofmannsthal (1990), The Last Days of
Humanity by Kraus (1991), Measure for Measure by Shakespeare (1992), The
Makropulos Deal by Capek (1993), verse "Peer Gynt" by Ibsen (1995), Ruy
Blas by Hugo (1996), The Brothers Karamazov by Dostoevsky (1998),
Alcesti by Samuele di Savinio (1999), then, at the Piccolo La vita è
sogno by Calderón de la Barca (2000), for which he won the Ubu Prize as
best supporting actor in the role of Clarino, I due Gemelli Veneziani by
Goldoni, Candelaio by Bruno (2001), Frogs by Aristofane (2002), Pity
she was a Whore by Ford (2003), La Centaura by Andreini (2004),
Professor Bernhardi by Schnitzler (2005), Troilus and Cressida by
Shakespeare (at the Stabile of Turin 2006), Il ventaglio by Goldoni,
Ithaca by Botho Strauss (2007), A Midsummer Night’s Dream (2008), Just
the End of the World by Jean-Luc Lagarce and The Merchant of Venice by
Shakespeare, both in 2009, The Company of Men by Edward Bond (2011), The
Panic by Rafael Spregelburd (2013).
of theater, cinema and television. A graduate of the Municipal School
of Dramatic Art "Paolo Grassi" in Milan, in 2004 he receives the award
of the National Association Italian Critics as Best Newcomer for the
shows Endgame by Samuel Beckett (directed by Lorenzo Loris) and Morte
accidentale di un Anarchico by Dario Fo (directed by Ferdinando Bruni
and Elio De Capitani).
In 2008,he plays the role of Levin in
Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina, in the staging of Eimuntas Nekrosius, and wins
the Ubu Prize for Best Supporting Actor. In 2009, again with Elio De
Capitani,he is Ian in Blasted by Sarah Kane, Luca Ronconi directs him at
the Festival of Spoleto in a brand new version of The Seagull by
Chekhov (Another Seagull) where he plays the writer Trigorin, then, in
the season 2010/2011, in The company of Men by Edward Bond, at the
Piccolo Teatro of Milan, in Nora at the test from "A Doll’s House" by
Ibsen at the Teatro della Corte of Genoa, in The Modesty by Rafael
Spregelburd presented at the Festival of Two Worlds of Spoleto, at the
Mittelfest of Cividale del Friuli and at the Piccolo; in the season
2011/12 he is entrusted with the role of Mauler in Saint Joan of the
Stockyards by Brecht, in 2013 he is Emilio in The Panic again by
Spregelburd, always at the Piccolo Teatro.
Among the latest
interpretations, also La malattia della famiglia M., written and
directed by Fausto Paravidino. His cinema debut in 1998 is in Pompeo,
medium-length film by Paolo Vari and Antonio Bocola. The following year
he is the protagonist, with Sandra Ceccarelli, from Guarda il cielo
(Stella, Sonia, Silvia) by Piergiorgio Gay. In 2005,in Come l’ombra by
Marina Spada, he is a Russian professor. He participates in several
films directed by Federico Rizzo, including Lievi crepe sul muro di
cinta in 2003, where he plays (as main actor) a marginalized poet, and
Fuga dal call center in 2008 in a cameo.
In the same year he
is directed by Marco Bellocchio in Vincere where he is the fascist
Bernardi. Marina Spada has also directed him in Il mio domani. On
television, he has recently been directed by Maurizio Zaccaro in Lo
smemorato di Collegno (Lawyer Farinacci) and he is among the main actors
of Squadra antimafia - Palermo oggi. He has a new movie coming out: La
prima neve by Andrea Segre.